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History: Unlike the rest of the Philippines which gained independence from the United States after World War II in 1946, Olongapo was governed as a part of the United States naval reservation. After the efforts of James Leonard T. Gordon, the area was relinquished to the Philippine Government and converted into a municipality on December 7, 1959. The first mayor appointed was civic leader Mayor Ruben Geronimo and was later succeeded by business enterpreneur Ildefonso Arriola. Six years later under Mayor James Leonard T. Gordon, Olongapo was reconverted to a chartered city on June 1, 1966. Olongapo City administers itself autonomously from Zambales province. Adjacent to the city is the Subic Bay Freeport Zone, which until 1992 was a United States naval base. Like his father before him, Mayor Richard Gordon, who was against departure of the US military forces, lobbied for the turnover of the facility and its conversion into a freeport after the Senate of the Philippines rejected an extension of a treaty with the United States government. The city is known for its innovative methods of urban management in the 1980s in addressing crime and cleanliness that has been said to be copied by local governments nationwide. These include the public utility color-code, traffic management system, waste management system earning Olongapo City national and international award such as the UNESCO Cities for Peace representing Asia and the Pacific in 1997 and the Konrad Adenauer Local Medal of Excellence in 1999. Furthermore, the Asian Development Bank and World Bank have also recognized its successful urban redevelopment and city development strategy after the US Base turnover.
Country Philippines Region Central Luzon (Region III) District 1st district Founded November 4, 1750 Cityhood June 1, 1966 Barangays 17 Government
- - Mayor James L. Gordon, Jr. (Bagumbayan-VNP)
- - Total 185.00 km2 (71.4 sq mi)
- - Total 227,270 - Density 1,228.5/km2 (3,181.8/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8) ZIP Code 2200 Income class 1st class; highly urbanized
TEAM -Subic Bay Colleges, Inc.
- College of Computer Studies Department (SBCI CCS)