Menoufia province, an Egyptian province, located north of the Egyptian capital Cairo in the south of the Nile Delta, and its capital is the city of Shebeen El-Kom, and largest city of Sadat City withheld from the province of the lake since 1991. A population of 3,270,404 according to Census 2006, and an area of 2543.03 km ². And is limited to about half of the province area in between the two branches of the Nile Damietta and Rosetta, while the other half-back desert extends west of the Rosetta branch of Al-Sadat Center includes the largest centers of the province. Menoufia consists of nine general management positions with ten cities are: Shebeen El-Kom, Menouf, Sadat City, SARS Layyan, Ashmun, Bagour, Quisna, seven pool, read, martyrs .
The rate of illiteracy Menofia to 36.7% of the total population, the University is the most important educational institutions Menoufia governorate, which has been established by presidential decree in 1976, and has another branch in Sadat City.
The main economic activity for the population of the province is agriculture, because the territory of the old Menoufia among branches of the Nile is characterized by fertile soil and abundant water for irrigation is permanently from the River Nile, as well as agriculture are desert-Sadat Center through land reclamation. There are maintaining all types of cash crops, vegetables and fruit. Industrial activity also contributes strongly next to agricultural activity, especially after the annexation of the province, Sadat City, one of the largest industrial cities in Egypt, as well as other industrial areas exist next to the city of light industries Quisna city Shebin .
Occupied the province of Menoufia ranked eleventh in 2003 in the order of the Egyptian governorates in the Nile Valley and Delta in terms of quality of life and promoted the level of services. As for the roads and transportation; Vijtriq maintain paths of the most important roads in Egypt, the first of the Cairo - Alexandria agricultural, and the second is the Cairo - Alexandria Desert Road, and is characterized most of the methods of Menoufia remaining in bad condition and neglected despite the large number of links for transmission that reach most parts of the province together.